This course introduces biology majors to the structures and functions of cells and their organelles emphasising on the roles of the different organelles. Topics include: cell theory; ultra-structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells; structure and functions of cell organelles and inclusions; cell division; DNA replication; transcription; translation; cellular infectious particles.

Course description: Plant and Animal Physiology is a course designed to understand the mechanisms of plant and animals. It is important that we understand the physiology of plants so that we understand how roots absorb elements necessary for the making of food and how ready made food is transported to different sites of storage in plants. The later part of this course should enhance comprehension of the physiology of humans and its processes such as circulation of blood, internal regulation of temperature, coordination of nerve impulses as well as the excretion of unwanted materials. It is vital that you practice making drawings so that you understand how each part functions in a system in both plants and animals.

Course Description:

In order to understand animal and plant development and reproduction, there is a need to understand genetics, variation and natural selection, which are the three most important mechanisms that lead to evolution. This section of Biology will help explain the structures of that enhance reproductive success within organisms. On the other hand reproductive Biology covers the remarkable diversity of reproductive mechanisms that both plants and animals possess. This course in Biology is a search for the features and processes that unify the remarkable diversity of living organisms and generally how both animals and plants reproduce.

Genetics is a fundamental base course for advance biology. It is the study of the function and behaviour of genes. Genetics focuses on understanding the process which contributes to the great variation of traits that we see in nature, such as the colour of a flower’s petals, the markings on a butterfly’s wings, or such human behavioural traits as personality or musical talent. This course seek to teach the learner how the information encoded in genes is used and controlled by cells and how it is transmitted from one generation to the next and also how tiny variations in genes can disrupt an organism’s development or cause disease. It also focuses on the contemporary applications of this science and its advancement.