This course explores the interaction and interconnectedness among marine organisms and their physical environment, chemical and biological aspects.  Also studying the deep ocean environments and the influence of human activities within marine ecosystems. Topics include: basic oceanography; plankton and plankton communities; interstitial ecology; intertidal and sub tidal ecology; mangroves; sea grasses; coral reefs; estuaries; deep sea ecology; symbiosis; oceanic nekton; human impacts on the marine environment and marine research.

This course introduces biology majors to the structures and functions of cells and their organelles emphasising on the roles of the different organelles. Topics include: cell theory; ultra-structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells; structure and functions of cell organelles and inclusions; cell division; DNA replication; transcription; translation; cellular infectious particles.

Course description: Plant and Animal Physiology is a course designed to understand the mechanisms of plant and animals. It is important that we understand the physiology of plants so that we understand how roots absorb elements necessary for the making of food and how ready made food is transported to different sites of storage in plants. The later part of this course should enhance comprehension of the physiology of humans and its processes such as circulation of blood, internal regulation of temperature, coordination of nerve impulses as well as the excretion of unwanted materials. It is vital that you practice making drawings so that you understand how each part functions in a system in both plants and animals.